1. No Opt Out is a useful tool to get all students to the right answer, as often as possible, even if only to repeat the correct answer.

2. Right is Right is a technique teachers can use to set and defend a high standard of correctness by only naming "right" those answers which are truly and completely right. This one requires rigor and vigor!

3. Stretch It is a technique that helps teachers follow up correct answers with questions that extend knowledge and check fro full understanding.

4. Format Matters is a technique to remind teachers that students should respond in complete answers, answer in a loud enough voice, and use correct grammar.

5. Without Apology is the 5th technique and it reminds us that in the hands of a great teacher, no content is boring. We should never lower our students expectations with comments such as, "I know this is kind of dull", "I hate this kind of work, too" or "Let's just get through this quickly".

6. Begin with the End is an important technique because it gives real criteria against which you can objectively judge the success of your lessons. Instead of asking, "Did we finish the activity?", or "Did students seem to want to do it or enjoy it?", we can ask "Did we reach our learning goal for today?"


7. 4Ms, tells us that a great lesson objective should be manageable, measurable, made first, and most important on the path to mastery.


Post It is a simple reminder to display your lesson's learning objective in your classroom. It used to be something I saw as silly and a waste of time. However, since developing the habit, I have seen an improvement of my ability to focus, and when necessary redirect my focus, on the learning objective of the day's lesson.


9. v Take the Shortest Path to your objectives in designing activities. A common flaw I regularly made in the past was to try execute a really intricate activity or to try and do too much during a class; I had just too much packed into the allocated time.